Umm Al-Quwain is one of the seven emirates that make up the United Arab Emirates. It is located in the northern part of the federation between emirates Ras Al-Khaimah and Ajman. The emirate has a population of around 65,000, the smallest in the UAE, and the total land area is between 750 and 800 square kilometers.
In 1775, Sheikh Majid Al Mualla established Umm Al-Quwain as an independent sheikhdom. Like its four neighboring regions Ajman, Dubai, Sharjah, and Ras Al-Khaimah, Umm Al-Quwain is located along the vital trade route between Asia and India.
The name Umm Al-Quwain is translated as “Mother of Two Powers,” which refers to the tradition of seafaring among the tribes in the emirate. Geographically, Umm Al-Quwain features lush coastal mangroves on the Persian Gulf, large rolling sand dunes in the interior, and fertile land around Falaj Al Moalla, which is a natural oasis and hinterland town. Though there is no airport in Umm Al-Quwain, there are airports in nearby Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah and Ras Al-Khaimah. Taxis are the main means of transportation for travelers in Umm Al-Quwain city as there is no bus service.
The weather in Umm Al-Quwain is very comfortable and pleasant from November to March, with average daytime high temperatures reaching 26 degrees Celsius (79 degrees Fahrenheit), and nighttime lows reaching 15 degrees Celsius (59 degrees Fahrenheit). From March through October, the temperatures are extremely hot, with daytime highs reaching 40 degrees Celsius, equal to 104 degrees Fahrenheit. Though summer humidity levels are high, rainfall is rare, averaging only 42 millimeters per year. The best location during the hot summer months is on the coastline, where cool sea breezes blow in the daytime.